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Vladimir Ilyich Lenin

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Take-Over of Russia

 

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Lenin's take-over of Russia was showed by his leadership of the Bolshevik party. Under huge suppression during the year of 1917, Lenin led the Bolsheviks to power through the October revolution.

Following the February Revolution in 1917, when Tsar Nicholas II attepted to get rid of the Duma and a provisional governemt took order, Lenin led a huge opposition to the provisional government. Lenin was in Sweden during that time, but was helped by Germans back into Russia. The Germans hoped Lenin's revolution would weaken Russia's war efforts. Lenin's strong opposition to the provisional government found support from those whom no one expected. The Bolsheviks used propaganda posters promising an equal opportunity land caused some radical Mensheviks and Petrogad leader Josef Stalin to support Lenin's views.

The true Bolshevik revolution occured in October of 1917. This was the first Communist revolution of the 20th century. The revolution was led by Lenin and Trotsky, even though both were in hiding. They led forces into the capital of Russia at the time, Petrogad. The current government was ineffective, and so was their defense. The Bolsheviks put a huge attack on the Winter Palace and took it over. Ratification of the revolution came when, by majority, the new Soviet government was formed.

Lenin's Childhood

Lenin studied Latin and Greek during time at Kazan University. He was a very distinguished student as a child born of a father who was a civil service official fighting for democracy and free universal education.His father died of a hermorage and his eldest brother was hanged for participating in a threat on Tsar Alexander III's life. Fighting for what you believe ran in Lenin's blood. These two events radicalized young Vladimir Lenin. He became very intrested in Marxism and began paritcipating in student protests. He was arrested and expelled from Kazan for his participation. He studied by himself and acquired a license to practice law in 1891.


Lenin's group of supporters were so large that there was barely anyone left to oppose his ways. However, those left to be opposition believed in what they believed very strongly. For instance, at the fall of the provisional government in February of 1917, the Mensheviks were not ready for a full revolution. They held back hoping that a formal election may bring an easier piece to Russia. When the Bolsheviks took power, the Mensheviks were angered. An election was still needed to vote Lenin as Chairman but the amount of Bolsheviks easily overpowered anyone else. With Lenin become what is considered basically a dictator, it became illegal to oppose him.

Russian Revolutionary